The TOR browser bundle is an easy-to-use way to anonymize your online activities. Unfortunately, the installation instructions from the TOR website are somewhat confusing and only allow the browser to be executed from a command line. Here's what I did to install TOR browser as an application that can be executed with a single mouseclick from the Unity applications launcher in Ubuntu 14.04:
Download TOR browser from the TOR website. I chose the Linux 64-bit version.
Double-click on the downloaded .tar.xz file and extract its contents to your Downloads folder.
Create a new directory called .torbrowser in your home folder:
$ mkdir ~/.torbrowser
Move the extracted tor-browser_en-US directory from Downloads to ~/.torbrowser:
$ mv ~/Downloads/tor-browser_en-US/ ~/.torbrowser/
Make the contents executable:
$ chmod -R ug=rwx,o=rx ~/.torbrowser/
You can now run the TOR browser from a command line, but this is not what we want. To get a launcher icon that allows you to start TOR from the Unity launcher with a single mouseclick, create a .desktop file with the nano text editor (or the text editor of your choice):
$ nano Torbrowser.desktop
Paste the following contents to the .desktop file, changing <username> to your own username:
[Desktop Entry] Version=x.y Name=Torbrowser Comment=Surf anonymously Exec=/home/<username>/.torbrowser/tor-browser_en-US/Browser/start-tor-browser Icon=/home/<username>/.torbrowser/tor-browser_en-US/Browser/browser/icons/mozicon128.png Terminal=true Type=Application Categories=Utility;Application;
(Note: If you used the nano editor, pasting is done with
v, and saving the file is done by hitting
x and confirming with
Move the .desktop file to /usr/share/applications:
$ sudo mv Torbrowser.desktop /usr/share/applications
Make root the owner of the .desktop file (this step may be skipped):
$ sudo chown -R root:root /usr/share/applications/Torbrowser.desktop
Make the desktop file executable:
$ sudo chmod ug=rwx,o=rx /usr/share/applications/Torbrowser.desktop
You will now find a TOR browser icon in your applications launcher. Enjoy private, anonymous browsing!